The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (2024)

All ideas have their place in EU4. There’s no single best or worst set, even ones like Naval ideas.

One idea group may work great for one nation, but terrible for another.

It really depends on how well they complement your playstyle and needs.

There are 11 total military ideas in the game. But since you can’t have them all, it’s best to choose ones that give the most benefits to you.

After considering their usefulness and general impact, we’ve made this definitive list of the best military ideas in EU4.

1. Offensive

The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (1)


Order UnlockedIdea NameModifiers
1stBayonet Leaders+1 Land leader shock
2ndNational Conscripts-10% Recruitment time
3rdSuperior Firepower+1 Land leader fire
4thGlorious Arms+100% Prestige from land battles
5thEngineer Corps+20% Siege ability
6thGrand Army+15% Land force limit modifier
+10% Special unit force limit
7thEsprit de Corps+5% Discipline
BonusN/A+5% Recover army morale speed

Notable Policies

Idea PairPolicyModifiers
Offensive + HumanistThe Liberation Act-1 National unrest
-5 Years of separatism
Offensive + InnovativeModern Siege Weapons+10% Siege ability
+1 Leader siege


Offensive is always a great pick for your first military idea set. Because when you’re at war, most of your time will be spent on sieges.

With better siege ability, you’ll shorten your siege phases.

This lets end wars much faster, allowing you more time to pursue other goals.

Offensive also works well for countries that have their own special units. It’s the only set that has a special unit force limit modifier. Special units are always stronger than regular ones, but you can only recruit a small number of them.

Offensive increases that limit so you can field more of your super soldiers.

Aside from that, Offensive also enhances all your generals’ shock and fire stats.

To get the most out of this though, you’ll want to always have generals in your armies.

Lastly, Offensive is one of two military idea groups that give you a discipline modifier. It’s one of the strongest stats in the game.

A high discipline army deals more damage while receiving less during battle. This also makes discipline much more important in the mid- to late-game. That’s when individual units have more shock and fire damage pips on them.

2. Horde

The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (2)


Order UnlockedIdea NameModifiers
1stHorse-lords of the Steppes-33% Cavalry cost
+10% Cavalry-to-infantry ratio
2ndBeyond the Sun-10% Aggressive expansion impact
3rdMandate of the Khan+25% Religious unity
4thThere Shall Be No Grass-20% Land attrition
5thHorde Loyalty-1 National unrest
6thWatchers of the Silk Road+20% Caravan power
7thA Magnanimous Empire+2 Max promoted cultures
BonusN/A+25% Cavalry combat ability
+10% Tribes loyalty equilibrium

Notable Policies

Idea PairPolicyModifiers
Horde + DiplomaticFear Tactics+10% Shock damage
+10% Siege ability
Horde + EspionagePsychological Warfare+50% Cavalry flanking ability
+10% Cavalry combat ability
Horde + ExplorationSteppe Nomad Migrations+5% Settler chance
-50% Native uprising chance
Horde + InnovativeThe Best Defense-5% Shock damage received
-5% Fire damage received


This is one of the five government-based idea sets. Their availability varies depending on the government form of your nation.

To have access to the Horde ideas, you must have the Steppe Nomad government form.

Steppe Nomad nations are some of the most capable at conquering and expanding. The Nomadic tech group also features strong cavalry units. By picking up Horde ideas, you’ll amplify the strengths of your nomadic nation.

First, Horde gives you a couple of great cavalry modifiers. Cavalry costs thrice as much compared to infantry. It’s so excessive that most nations will find it’s cost-efficient to have only infantry in their armies.

But with Horde ideas, it’s more feasible to recruit cavalry due to the reduction to cav costs.

There’s also the cav-to-infantry ratio modifier. This ratio determines how many cavalry units you should have in an army. If you exceed that ratio, your cav units’ combat stats will get halved. For most nations, the base ratio is 50%.

But Steppe Nomads have the potential to reach 85–100% ratio from their religion and reforms. That number also factors in the ratio modifier from the Horde ideas. That means your armies are almost entirely composed of cavalry units. You can bring to bear the whole might of your horde to trample your enemies.

Last but not least are the stability modifiers.

The Horde set reduces unrest, increases religious unity, and mitigates aggressive expansion. All these seem inconsequential, but Steppe Nomads are designed to stay on the warpath. These modifiers let you do that without stopping for internal or diplomatic issues.

3. Plutocratic

The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (3)


Order UnlockedIdea NameModifiers
1stTradition of Payment-20% Mercenary cost
+5% Mercenary discipline
2ndAbolished Serfdom+10% Morale of armies
3rdBill of Rights-2 National unrest
4thFree Merchants+1 Merchant
5thFree Subjects+10% Goods produced modifier
6thFree Cities-5% Development cost
+25% Caravan power
7thEmancipation+20% Manpower recovery speed
BonusN/A+10% Institution spread
+10% Burghers loyalty equilibrium

Notable Policies

Idea PairPolicyModifiers
Plutocratic + EspionageThe Military Allotment Act+33% National manpower modifier
Plutocratic + ExplorationThe Colonial Companies Act+20% Colonial range
+10 Global settler increase


Plutocratic is the second government-based set on this list. Only Republics can get these ideas.

Despite being a military idea group, Plutocratic features a lot of economic modifiers. That’s precisely why it’s one of the best ideas.

Combat modifiers are only useful during wars. In comparison, economic ones are always in effect all the time. You’ll get their benefits regardless of if you’re at war or at peace.

Even better, you’re spending military power to unlock the Plutocratic ideas as it’s a military set.

It’s a great deal, considering that admin and diplomatic power are worth more than military. You need them to grow your nation. In contrast, military power is mostly used to get generals and for army abilities. You’ll often have an excess of it early on.

4. Quality

The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (4)


Order UnlockedIdea NameModifiers
1stPrivate to Marshal+10% Infantry combat ability
2ndQuality Education+0.5 Yearly army tradition
+0.5 Yearly navy tradition
3rdFinest of Horses+10% Cavalry combat ability
4thCorvettes+5% Ship durability
5thNaval Drill+10% Morale of navies
6thCopper Bottoms-25% Naval attrition
7thMassed Battery+10% Artillery combat ability
BonusN/A+5% Discipline

Notable Policies

Idea PairPolicyModifiers
Quality + EconomicWeapon Quality Standards+5% Discipline
Quality + InnovativeModern Firearm Techniques+15% Infantry combat ability
Quality + ReligiousThe Military Zeal Act+5% Morale of armies
+10% Siege ability


Quality and Quantity are two opposing military idea sets — as their name suggests.

But they’re not equal in value.

The modifiers that Quantity offers are also available in other parts of the game. Even then, you can simply build more Soldier’s Households to solve any manpower issues.

In contrast, Quality’s modifiers are harder to find. In fact, it’s the only other set that increases your discipline. It also buffs the combat ability of all three land unit types. The modifiers are smaller than those from the specialized idea sets. But the universality of the Quality ideas is what makes it good. Any nation can benefit from picking it up.

5. Defensive

The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (5)


Order UnlockedIdea NameModifiers
1stBattlefield Commissions+100% Army tradition from battles
2ndMilitary Drill+15% Morale of armies
3rdImproved Maneuver+1 Land leader maneuver
4thRegimental System-5% Land maintenance modifier
5thDefensive Mentality-10% Fort maintenance
+20% Fort defense
6thSupply Trains+33% Reinforce speed
7thImproved Foraging-25% Land attrition
BonusN/A+1 Attrition for enemies
+1 Max attrition for enemies

Notable Policies

Idea PairPolicyModifiers
Defensive + InfluenceLocal Militias-0.03 Monthly war exhaustion
+10% Fort defense
Defensive + EspionageThe Privy Council Establishment Act+10% Fort defense
-0.1 Yearly corruption
Defensive + HumanistThe Preparation Act-0.05 Monthly war exhaustion
-25% Land attrition
Defensive + InnovativeSuperior Fortifications+10% Fort defense
-10% Fort maintenance


Most players don’t like Defensive because its usefulness fades as you expand.

Morale and forts are great for the early game – but you’ll want to switch to discipline modifiers and leader pips later on.

With that said, Defensive is a fun pick when you prefer turtling.

It has a fort defense modifier, which extends the time needed to siege your forts. On top of that, enemies also take increased attrition damage.

This makes Defensive ideas great for countries blessed with geographic barriers. You can simply build a few forts on your choke points. Any invader will suffer attrition damage, which affects their war exhaustion. It’s also a drain on their manpower reserves.

All in all, Defensive lets you outlast your enemies as their will crumbles under the weight of their dead.

The Best Military Ideas in EU4 (for All Playstyles) – FandomSpot (2024)


Which military idea is best in EU4? ›

The simple answer is quality for navy + land military and offensive for pure land military but there's more to it than that. Offensive is better early game because of siege ability and force limit additions whereas quality is better mid to late game because discipline, combat ability and artillery become stronger.

Who has the best army in eu4? ›

That said, Poland is still by far the strongest military if well built up, even completely ignoring hussars. There's 0 competition here too.

How to make a strong army in eu4? ›

For buffing your armies, morale and discipline are the main factors. Early game morale is more important. The higher your morale is the longer your army will be able to keep fighting, if you outlast their army then yours wins. Early game morale is pretty low all around, so bonuses to it count for more.

How do you unlock idea groups in eu4? ›

Your first idea group will unlock when you reach Admin Tech Level 5. To get there, save enough enough Admin power to buy Tech Level 4 and then Tech Level 5. Note that the cost will decrease over time--technologies have an expected date.

What ideas to choose in EU4? ›

Some countries (and associated strategies) require to rush military ideas for survival, religious ideas for dealing with different religions and exploration + expansion for colonial powers. To improve the economy, players also usually rather go for economic or trade ideas instead.

Is Sweden overpowered eu4? ›

They are not remotely overpowered. It is a joke because Paradox is Swedish, and Sweden for some of the time period the game covers, Sweden could be considered a great power. Ingame they are far from OP imo as their provinces are quite poor and they have very strong neighbors compared to any of the other strong nations.

Who is the strongest AI in EU4? ›

For the A.I the ottoman empire is the strongest nation in the game and the hardest to deal with for other A.I nations. In the hands of a player the Ottoman Empire can be made very very powerful but Russia definitely in the hands of a player is the strongest nation in the game.

What is the best country to play in EU4? ›

For fans looking to try something different and interesting, it's hard to go wrong with these nations.
  • 12 The Papal State.
  • 11 Austria.
  • 10 Poland.
  • 9 England.
  • 8 Trebizond.
  • 7 Castile.
  • 6 Novgorod.
  • 5 Wallachia.

What is the most played country in EU4? ›

Paradox Releases Top 23 Most Played Nations
  • Spain (presumably mostly from continued saves)
  • Japan.
  • Hungary.
  • Denmark.
  • Ming.
  • Netherlands (presumably mostly from continued saves)
  • Commonwealth.
  • Burgundy.
Jun 25, 2015

How do you get 100 war score in EU4? ›

Upon offering unconditional surrender, all of the currently unoccupied provinces will fall under enemy control and the enemy will gain 100% warscore. Armies of the country that surrendered will become exiled and unable to fight in future battles until peace is signed.

Is quantity better than quality EU4? ›

Depends on context. If you need a military edge without a money or manpower cost, quality is the way to go. If you're looking to increase the absolute strength of your military, then quantity is better than anything else.

What are marines good for EU4? ›

Marines are a special unit type available to some nations and through naval/maritime ideas. They specialize in water based warfare. As opposed to your normal soldiers, they take manpower from sailers instead of your normal manpower pool.

Can you conquer the whole world in EU4? ›

Most of the game is just setting up for later in the game, when Administrative Efficiency kicks in. All you need is a decent powerbase, you can easily conquer about 80% of the world in the last hundred or so years.

Can you be a lucky nation in EU4? ›

If a lucky nation is annexed or becomes a subject of the player country, a new country is assigned lucky nation status. Achievements can only be earned with the "historic lucky nations" setting. The player's nation will never receive the lucky status.

Can you join the HRE in EU4? ›

If a non-member is elected emperor and their capital has a land connection to an HRE province then all their European provinces which have a land connection to the capital can be added to the HRE (using the join HRE button), making them an HRE member.

What is the best idea for making money in eu4? ›

  • Develop Provinces. Investing your hard-earned Administrative and Diplomatic Power into your provinces will boost your overall income for the entire game, so it's worth doing early and often. ...
  • Protect Trade Routes. ...
  • Reduce Maintenance. ...
  • Boost Stability. ...
  • Raise War Taxes. ...
  • Shake Down Your Vassals.
Jun 7, 2022

What is optimal eu4 army composition? ›

Ideal army composition for every tech

6 24 26 4 0 30 Also, if you have insane cavalry combat ability (eg. Poland) you can consider adding more cavalry. 9 25 27 4 0 31 If you have any sense of army aesthetics, add one inf to odd numbers for when you split the army up to avoid attrition.

What ideas to take as Ming? ›

Court Ideas have been a great fit for Ming. The mandate bonus makes it easier to get celestial reforms quickly, the loyalty equilibrium bonus aids in dealing with eunuchs, and almost all the other benefits have higher than normal usefulness to Ming.

What is the best country to colonize in eu4? ›

Portugal is many a player's top choice for colonization and for good reason. Portugal starts with a 25 percent bonus to their colonial range, but they're the European nation closest to the New World anyway via the Azores. Your best friend is Castile, which means you have no immediate enemies approaching you on foot.

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